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'Not-so-Sleepy' Joe reengages with WHO—but the world has changed; while WTO plays down the clock


The Geneva Observer


November 10, 2020


BRIEFING



This article is a republished version of our newsletter briefing sent out on Thursday November 10, 2020. Sign up to our newsletter to get our content the moment it's published, straight in your inbox.


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We hope you are keeping well and staying safe. Today in The Geneva Observer, Dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, fixing the economy, addressing systemic racism and fighting climate change; all the while restoring American leadership.” The agenda set by Joe Biden means a gradual reengagement with International Geneva that will mirror those priorities. Given this desire, as well as the emphasis on the coronavirus crisis, The G|O is hearing that the appointment of the Ambassador to the UN in Geneva could be high profile. As we report today, WHO is already a high priority, while big trade issues won’t make the cut for the first 100-days’ agenda. Even those voices in Washington most critical of the Trump’s administration trade wars and tariffs agree that trade issues should be tackled only after the economic stimulus package has been passed.




For International Geneva, Biden’s victory in the US election is seen as an opportunity to kick multilateralism back on track. And although we did not notice any particular outpouring of emotion onto the streets—diplomats are not known for this—the sense of emotional release was nevertheless palpable on the shores of Lake Geneva. While the legal wrangling in the US election results carries on, it was clear that the UN system was ready to try and capitalise on the moment, stressing their rapprochement with a future Biden administration. Guterres congratulated “the President-elect and Vice President-elect”, hailing the UN-US partnership as “an essential pillar of the international cooperation needed to address the dramatic challenges facing the world today.” UNHCR’s head similarly stated that “US leadership” was “more crucial than ever for the world’s most vulnerable.” The head of the IOM tweeted their congratulations saying that they “look forward to working with your administration on managing migration for the benefit of all.” UNESCO’s D-G called for “a renewed commitment from the United States” to face today’s global challenges.

As WHO resumed its World Health Assembly this Monday—out of quarantine—D-G Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus was making a similar move in his opening statement:

“We must be honest: we can only realise the full power and potential of the SDGs if the international community urgently recaptures the sense of common purpose that gave birth to them. In that spirit, we congratulate President Elect Joe Biden and Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris and we look forward to working with their administration very closely. We need to reimagine leadership, built on mutual trust and mutual accountability—to end the pandemic and address the fundamental inequalities that lie at the root of so many of the world’s problems.”

Joe Biden's team has already circulated amongst the agency a plan to lead what would be a broad response to the pandemic in the world. The goal is set out clearly: "To ally” the world in order to confront the crisis while establishing a foundation for the future. Biden's action is not just for international solidarity. The perception is that American leadership can only be rebuilt in the world if the country reengages in global issues. The project is seen within the agency as a critical bailout, just as the pandemic is gathering strength again and threatening to bring the global economy to its knees. But while the change in the US government's stance is applauded, sources within WHO admit that the process for the US to retake leadership of the global response is far from assured and fraught with new challenges.

Three points were highlighted by diplomats and negotiators:

1. On a geopolitical level, the world is simply not the same as when Obama took over the US government in 2008, or even when he was re-elected in 2012. Xi Jinping has taken China on an authoritarian expansionist path. Moscow is unwilling to give up its influence abroad. The EU has also stepped up to fill the space vacated by the US and is unlikely to give it up readily. So, Biden will have a long way to go to rebuild US credibility. 2. In direct relation with WHO, for dozens of developing countries, access to a vaccine is an unresolved issue and health will still need to be treated with a human rights approach. Led by South Africa and India, the emerging bloc wants assurances that patent regulations will not be employed as obstacles to access to vaccines and medicines. Biden's plans, however, make no reference to any sort of intellectual property exceptions for vaccines. Security considerations and a voluntary approach is still maintained by Washington. 3. There is no sign at the moment that China is willing to guarantee broad access to its territory for international missions.

Despite real obstacles to its implementation, the Biden Plan still represents, as some sources told The G|O, a “major shift” in the US position regarding the health crisis. By explicitly stating the need to tackle the pandemic everywhere on the planet, the plan would trigger the major US agencies and even the State Department to mobilise an “international response” to help vulnerable countries, including by sending American missions to those countries. In providing for the "immediate establishment" of a Global Emergency Board to harmonise the response to the crisis—led by the US, G7 partners and other groups nominally to "support the WHO”—the plan would also attempt to give American diplomacy a central role in “global decisions about the outbreak.” Whether WHO wholeheartedly welcomes the creation of a new body that would probably take from their current role remains to be seen.


Also at the resumed virtual World Health Assembly, the Taiwan issue raised its head once again—as it does at every WHA over whether it would get observer status. A deal brokered behind the scenes was that only two speakers from each side would make statements to the Assembly. The Chinese ambassador spoke very strongly, with the Pakistani ambassador supporting their position. On the pro-observer status side, it was the Marshall Islands and Honduras that spoke in favour. The US contented itself with a circulated statement, rather than intervention before the Assembly. The EU, whose parliament has passed two pro-Taiwan resolutions this year, also chose not to further politicise the issue in an attempt to keep China onside. In relation to money—a key issue at all WHAs, but this one in particular—Germany’s health minister called on all countries to chip in a lot more. Observers described this to The G|O as a veiled message for China, that currently does not contribute much on top of its membership fees (unlike other high-income countries).



The US’ Universal Periodic Review (UPR) oral section was also happening on Monday. The UPR is the Human Rights Council’s peer review mechanism for evaluating and checking up on the fulfilment of Member State’s human rights obligations. At the oral section on Monday, dozens of countries denounced the structural racism in the US, including many African countries, as well as several European countries such as Switzerland. The issue of Guantanamo Bay—still open, three presidents later—was also getting attention. The oral section is part of a broader process that is still ongoing this week at the Council and we’ll be following up on Thursday.


And finally, at WTO, the General Council meeting slated to make a formal decision on the DG appointment, scheduled for November 9, has been postponed “until further notice.” General Council Chair Ambassador David Walker explained that “for reasons including the health situation and current events,” delegations would not be in a position to make a formal decision. No prizes for guessing what those “current events” are. As we’ve been reporting, the Trump administration effectively blocked the nomination of Nigerian nominee Ngozi Okonjo-Iwaela. Among trade experts and keen observers of the process, the consensus is that the Biden administration will likely support WTO’s choice. Those in charge of the process have probably chosen to wait it out. Stay tuned. All the best, The Geneva Observer